On this day in 1802, Washington, DC was formally incorporated as a stand-alone city and the official Capital of the United States of America; governed by a Mayor appointed solely by the President of the USA.
The land was originally taken from two states, Virginia and Maryland, with the portion of territory taken back by the Commonwealth of Virginia just years before the Civil War.
From the National Archives:
The Residence Act of 1790 gave Congress until 1800, when the government moved to the Federal City, to decide what form its exclusive jurisdiction over the seat of the federal government, as enumerated in the U.S. Constitution, would take, or if the right would be exercised at all. In his 22 Nov. 1800 address to Congress, President Adams reminded the legislators “to consider whether the local powers over the district of Columbia” vested in them by the Constitution should be “immediately exercised.” The Federalists in Congress decided in the affirmative. On 23 Jan. 1801, Henry Lee of Virginia introduced an encompassing bill for the “government of the District of Columbia,” printed in the National Intelligencer on 30 Jan. It called for a bicameral legislature and a governor appointed by the president with the consent of the Senate. Voting by free, white male citizens was limited to those who were “seized of an estate for life,” owned 10 acres of land within the district, or had a lot with a house built on it. Electors chosen by the voters would appoint the members of the district’s senate. Fearing that there would not be enough time for the passage of Lee’s plan or that it would be defeated, his colleagues, in the end, backed a more limited Senate bill. Approved 27 Feb. 1801, the “Act concerning the District of Columbia,” later known as the Organic Act, divided the Federal District into Alexandria and Washington counties and set up a court system for both, to which the president appointed officers, including U.S. judges, a marshal and attorney, and justices of the peace (U.S. Statutes at Large, 1:130; 2:103–8; JS, 3:106–7; JHR, 3:771; JEP, 1:387–90; Kenneth R. Bowling and Donald R. Kennon, eds., Establishing Congress: The Removal to Washington, D.C., and the Election of 1800 [Athens, Ohio, 2005], ix–x, 39–55). For an analysis of Lee’s bill and Federalist support for the congressional assumption of jurisdiction over the District of Columbia, see William C. diGiacomantonio, “‘To Make Hay while the Sun Shines’: D.C. Governance as an Episode in the Revolution of 1800,” in same. For Republican arguments against assuming jurisdiction, see Annals, 10:868–9, 991–2, 996–7.
It is not clear when Jefferson began to draw up his own bill to establish a government for the Territory of Columbia, but before 7 Dec. he gave John Thomson Mason, U.S. attorney for the District of Columbia, a version of it to review and copy. On that day, Mason notified TJ that he had completed the task, making “some few alterations,” which TJ evidently agreed with because they were incorporated into the bill (see Document II). Mason probably delivered the draft of the bill in his hand to a committee appointed by the House of Representatives on 8 Dec. “to inquire whether any, and, if any, what, alterations or amendments may be necessary in the existing Government and laws of the District of Columbia.” Richard Sprigg, Jr., of Maryland and Richard Brent of Virginia headed the seven-member committee. On 26 Jan. 1802, Sprigg presented a bill “for establishing the Government of the Territory of Columbia.” Consisting of 15 sections, the bill closely followed TJ’s draft, with many sections taken verbatim. The bill was published by the House of Representatives and appeared in the National Intelligencer on 5 Feb. On the same day Sprigg introduced the bill, however, the House received a memorial from the inhabitants of Alexandria concerning a “plan of government for the District of Columbia.” They protested “that any scheme of a subordinate legislature and executive, by which the whole district shall be united under one and the same government, will be found inconvenient, disagreeable, injurious and expensive.” The memorialists argued that the “diversity of the views and employments of the citizens of Georgetown, Washington and Alexandria, is so great, that no subordinate legislature can be expected to give general satisfaction; hence would arise much schism.” When the House debated the bill on 29 Mch., Joseph H. Nicholson argued against it, noting that the expense of the proposed government “would prove very oppressive” and that the people of the district were “very generally averse to it.” On that day the House voted to postpone consideration of the bill until the next session (JHR, 4:7, 70; Annals, 11:463, 1095–6; A Bill, For establishing the Government of the Territory of Columbia [Washington, D.C., 1802; Shaw-Shoemaker, No. 3222]; Memorial and Remonstrance of Sundry Inhabitants of the County and Town of Alexandria, in the District of Columbia. 26th January, 1802 [Washington, D.C., 1802; Shaw-Shoemaker, No. 3333], 3–4).
Read the full text here.
BIDEN on ???: ‘You Know… The Rapidly Rising, uh, um, In With uh… I Don’t Know…
Former Vice President Joe Biden continued his gaffe-filled campaign this week; launching an incoherent rant about something “rapidly rising” before admitting “I don’t know.”
“You know, the rapidly rising, uh, um, uh, in with uh, with uh, I don’t know, uh,” Biden told reporters.
Joe Biden brain freeze: "You know, the rapidly rising, uh, um, uh, in with uh, with uh, I don't know, uh" pic.twitter.com/hpDOqUvaO8
— Trump War Room (@TrumpWarRoom) June 11, 2020
Watch the bizarre moment above.
BIDEN on ???: ‘What Kind of Country Are We Going to Be with 4 More Years of George??’
Former Vice President Joe Biden continued his gaffe-filled basement campaign over the weekend; apparently warning the country of the dangers posed by “four more years” of “George.”
“What kind of country are we going to be?” asked Biden alongside his wife Dr. Jill Biden. “Four more years of George, uh, he uh, we’re going to find ourselves in a position where that if Trump is gets elected we’re going to be in a different world!”
WATCH: Joe Biden confuses President Trump with George Bush.
"4 more years of George, uh, George…" pic.twitter.com/Zzt2brIaYS
— Trump War Room (@TrumpWarRoom) October 26, 2020
Watch Biden’s bizarre comments above.